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FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND TRADE OPENNESS IN SUB-SAHARAN ECONOMIES: A PANEL DATA GRANGER CAUSALITY ANALYSIS
MEBRATU SEYOUM, RENSHUI WU, JIHONG LIN
South African Journal of Economics Vol. 82:3 September 2014
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This study uses annual balanced panel data for 25 sub-Saharan African economies over the period 1977-2009 to investigate the Granger causality relationship between trade openness and foreign direct investment (FDI) for the region. We took advantage of recent developments in econometric testing techniques for Granger noncausality heterogeneous panels that takes into consideration the effects of cross section dependence across the units of the panel data set to analyse the trade–FDI nexus in the region. The empirical result of this study reveals a bidirectional causal relationship between trade openness and foreign direct investment in sub-Saharan economies. Concurrently, African countries should devote more emphasis for the promotion and attraction of FDI in order to expand their productive capacity to produce and export; in this way, by addressing supply-side constraints, FDI will have positive multiplier effects on trade.
JEL-Codes: C19, F19, F21
Keywords: Granger noncausality, foreign direct investment, trade, sub-Saharan Africa


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